LSO Summer Shorts

Naoko Keatley & Zeynep Özsuca
20 August 2021

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Today's Programme
Friday 20 August 2021 11am & 1pm

Tonia Ko Plush Earth in Four Pieces
Ludwig van Beethoven Violin Sonata No 10

Naoko Keatley violin
Zeynep Özsuca piano

This series of Summer Shorts concerts is made possible by the kind support of the Huo Family Foundation.

Today's 1pm concert will be live streamed at

Tonia Ko

Plush Earth in Four Pieces

✒️ 2014 | ⏰ 9 minutes

1 Part
2 Jewel
3 Part
4 Mud

Tonia Ko wrote Plush Earth in Four Pieces as an aural response to the opening of Vladimir Nabokov’s short story The Vane Sisters, in which the narrator observes ‘a family of brilliant icicles’ casting sharp shadows on the white-boarded walls of a ‘frame house’ as they slowly melt. Although all four movements share musical gestures, each has a distinct style. Striking features include the stabbing chords and dramatic pauses of the first Part, the increasingly volatile piano-violin dialogue in Jewel, the eerie high violin glissandi (sliding between notes) in the second Part, and the long rising scales and hushed ending of Mud, which Ko has described as evoking ‘a sound world that is fluid and almost languid’.

Note by Kate Hopkins

Tonia Ko
b 1988

Tonia Ko smiling with her arms leaning forward.

© Matt Dine

© Matt Dine

Recipient of a 2018 Guggenheim Fellowship, American composer Tonia Ko’s music has been praised by The New York Times for its 'captivating' details and 'vivid orchestral palette'. Her music is at once whimsical, questioning and lyrical, no matter how traditional or experimental the medium. Her fascination with texture and physical movement play into a larger theme of the relationship between visual art and music.

Ko's multimedia work has been supported by a residency at the Studios at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, and she has collaborated with the Perry Chiu Experimental Theatre in Hong Kong, the Periapsis Music & Dance in Brooklyn and noted choreographer Antonia Franceschi.

As the 2015–17 Young Concert Artists (YCA) Composer-in-Residence, Ko received commissions to write works for the debuts of pianist Daniel Lebhardt and oboist Olivier Stankiewicz, which premiered in the YCA Series in New York at Merkin Concert Hall and in Washington DC at the Kennedy Center, to critical acclaim. Her work Moves and Remains was premiered in the 2018 YCA Series by violinist Benjamin Baker and pianist Daniel Lebhardt.

Tonia Ko was born in Hong Kong and raised in Honolulu. She earned a BM with Highest Distinction from the Eastman School of Music and an MM from Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, where she served as Associate Instructor of Music Theory and was awarded the Georgina Joshi Commission Prize. She holds a DMA from Cornell University, studying with Steven Stucky and Kevin Ernste. She served as Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Chicago’s Center for Contemporary Composition, was appointed Honorary Research Fellow at City University of London for the 2019/20 academic year, and is Lecturer in Composition at Royal Holloway, University of London.

Ludwig van Beethoven

Violin Sonata No 10 in G major Op 96

✒️ 1812 | ⏰ 27 minutes

1 Allegro moderato
2 Adagio espressivo
3 Scherzo: Allegro – Trio
4 Poco allegretto

The year 1812 was a fruitful one for Ludwig van Beethoven. Along with his Seventh and Eighth Symphonies, he also composed this, his tenth and final Violin Sonata. It is notably different to his ninth, the ‘Kreutzer’, written nine years previously – while that was all fire and passion, this later Sonata is serenely good-humoured. Beethoven dedicated it to his pupil and patron Archduke Rudolph of Austria, who played the piano in the premiere performance on 29 December 1812, accompanying the violinist Pierre Rode. The composer carefully tailored the piece to the Frenchman’s playing style, albeit reluctantly at times – he wrote to the Archduke that while ‘we Viennese’ appreciated finales with ‘fairly noisy passages’, Rode did not, ‘and so I have been rather hampered’.

The sunny Allegro moderato is notable for its distinctive opening theme – whose trill is reminiscent of birdsong – and its hushed dynamics, the violin rarely rising louder above piano. There is considerable dialogue between the two instruments.

The tranquil Adagio espressivo opens with a chorale-like solo for the piano; as the movement progresses, violin and piano take the melody in turn. The reflective ending to this movement leads straight into the lively, strongly-accented Scherzo and its contrastingly lyrical trio. The finale is a set of variations on a buoyant folk-like theme, which are alternatively pensive and flamboyant in character. Beethoven plays characteristic musical jokes on listeners with a ‘false reprise’ of the main theme before Variation Six, and a sudden slower passage towards the end prior to the work’s exhilarating conclusion.

Note by Kate Hopkins

Ludwig van Beethoven
1770 (Germany) to 1827 (Austria)

Portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven showed early musical promise, yet reacted against his father's attempts to train him as a child prodigy. The boy pianist attracted the support of the Prince-Archbishop, who supported his studies with leading musicians at the Bonn court. By the early 1780s, Beethoven had completed his first compositions, all of which were for keyboard. With the decline of his alcoholic father, Ludwig became the family breadwinner as a musician at court. Encouraged by his employer, the Prince-Archbishop Maximilian Franz, Beethoven travelled to Vienna to study with Joseph Haydn. The younger composer fell out with his renowned mentor when the latter discovered he was secretly taking lessons from several other teachers. Although Maximilian Franz withdrew payments for Beethoven's Viennese education, the talented musician had already attracted support from some of the city's wealthiest arts patrons.

Beethoven's public performances in 1795 were well received, and he shrewdly negotiated a contract with Artaria & Co, the largest music publisher in Vienna. He was soon able to devote his time to composition or the performance of his own works. In 1800 Beethoven began to complain bitterly of deafness, but despite living with the pain of tinnitus, chronic stomach ailments, liver problems and an embittered legal case for the guardianship of his nephew, Beethoven created a series of remarkable new works, including the Missa solemnis and his late symphonies and piano sonatas. It is thought that around 10,000 people followed his funeral procession on 29 March 1827. Certainly, his posthumous reputation developed to influence successive generations of composers and other artists, inspired by the heroic aspects of Beethoven's character and the profound humanity of his music.

Composer profile by Andrew Stewart

Artist Biographies

Naoko Keatley
LSO Second Violin

Naoko Keatley made her debut performance as soloist with the Sydney Youth Orchestra at the age of eight, and has since performed in venues around the world, including Wigmore Hall, Sydney Opera House and Queen Elizabeth Hall. She joined the LSO in 2014, having been in the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra for five years before that, and also has a busy freelance career in London. Naoko lives with her husband Niall, also in the LSO, and their two-year-old daughter.

Naoko Keatley

Zeynep Özsuca

© Sacha Rattle

The Turkish pianist Zeynep Özsuca has performed worldwide as a soloist, chamber musician and accompanist. Born in Ankara, she began piano lessons at the age of four and continued her studies at Ankara Conservatory of Hacettepe University.

As a chamber musician, she has performed on prestigious stages including the Berlin Philharmonie, Palau de la Musica Valencia, Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival, Queen Elizabeth Hall as well as live radio broadcasts on Deutschlandfunk, Deutschlandradio, RBB Kulturradio (Germany), RNE (Spain), BBC Radio 3 and 4 (UK), alongside co-hosting the BBC Young Musician Podcast. She also regularly appears in concert with her duo partners saxophonist Jess Gillam and clarinettist Sacha Rattle, as well as her wind and piano sextet Berlin Counterpoint.

© Sacha Rattle

© Sacha Rattle

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Still to Come

Rebecca Gilliver playing cello.

LSO Summer Shorts: Rebecca Gilliver, Juliana Koch & Michael McHale
Friday 27 August 11am & 1pm, LSO St Lukes

LSO Musicians Rebecca Gilliver and Juliana Koch, and pianist Michael McHale, close our 2021 series of Summer Shorts with music by Robert Schumann and Nadia Boulanger.

Audience members sat in the Barbican, pointing to the stage

Autumn 2021 at the Barbican
Starts Sunday 12 September

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Cellists perform in an ambiently lit LSO St Luke's

Soundhub recording 2021 ©

Soundhub recording 2021 ©

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